Praxis Practice Test

Written Questions

1. Refers to the relationship between the grammatical components of language in use. The

grammatical arrangement of words in a sentence, primarily concerned with structure or word

order.

2. Used alongside other morphemes, i.e. s in cats

3. The relative emphasis given to certain syllables in a word. AKA accent.

4. The matching of a symbol with a phoneme. (matching a letter with a sound)

5. An abstract unit of speech sound that can distinguish words. Changing this within a word can

produce another word.

Matching Questions

1. Proxemics

2. Phonology

3. Negative Transfer

4. Voiceless consonants

5. Circumlocution

a Describes the pronunciation of sounds

when the larynx does not vibrate

b Different cultures maintain different

standards of proximity/personal space.

c When a speaker works around an

unknown word (think catchphrase -

describing scissors as ‘the things that

are used to cut paper’)

d The way sounds function within a given

language or across languages to encode

meaning

e This occurs when new language learners

apply the rules from their native

language to the language being learned.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Describes a sound in which the vocal cords vibrate.

a. Homophones

b. Voiceless consonants

c. Voiced Consonants

d. Word Stress

2. Words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings and different spellings. i.e.

read/red, great/grate, seen/scene.

a. Phoneme

b. Allophone

c. Morphemes

d. Homophones

3. A pair of words that differ by only a single sound and are recognized by speakers as different

words. i.e. bat/cat or hare/dare

a. IPA

b. Semantics

c. Nasal

d. Minimal Pairs

4. When one phoneme is constantly switched with another in speech – i.e. shair for chair

a. Phonetics

b. Phonetic Transcription

c. Phoneme

d. Phoneme Substitution

5. Constriction of the passage way (w, y)

a. Glide

b. Nasal

c. Idioms

d. IPA

True/False Questions

1. Aspiration → Knowing a word, its definition, synonyms, and extended meanings of the word.

As well as knowing other words related to the word. Semantic cues help students understand

the meaning of words in a particular sentence/context.

True False

2. Idioms → Formed by completely blocking air. (p, b)

True False

3. Affixes → Bound morphemes at the beginning or end of free morphemes (carry meaning).

Some change the part of speech, others do not.

True False

4. Sociopsycholinguistics → The matching of a symbol with a phoneme. (matching a letter with

a sound)

True False

5. IPA → Constriction of the passage way (w, y)