Hazmat Test

1 A horizontal tank above ground, with round ends, is what type of tank (nonpressure, low pressure, or high pressure)? high pressure, > 15psi

2 What would a horizontal tank with rounded ends commonly hold? liquid petroleum gas (LPG), anhydrous ammonia, compressed natural gas (CNG), chlorine

3 horizontal high-pressure tanks range in capacity from 500 to _______ gallons. 45,000 gallons

4 Rail tank cars can hold up to ______ gallons 45,000 gallons

5 What are three main types of bulk transport? • Rail

• Cargo (trucking)

• Intermodal (containers designed to be transported by rail, truck, and ship)

6 What is the most damaging kind of radiation? ionizing radiation

7 What does a highlighted entry in the ERG (yellow or blue section) indicate? That the material is toxic by inhalation and the user should immediately consult the green section for initial isolation and protective action distances. (Quick evacuation needed!)

8 What kinds of information does a monitoring device provide? kind of material, quantity, and/or concentration of hazmat

9 What are the primary types of monitoring devices used at hazmat incidents? • CGIs (Combustible Gas Indicators)

• pH papers

• radiation detectors

• detector tubes

10 What do GGIs monitor? Combustible Gas Indicators monitor

• concentration of a gas in the air

• percentage of the LEL of the gas

• parts per million of the gas in air

11 What materials does a four-gas monitor check for? • combustible gases – hexane or pentane

• oxygen

• carbon monoxide

• hydrogen sulfide

12 What do indicator papers such as pH papers generally check? Indicator papers indicate specific hazards such as oxidizers, hydrogen sulfides, and peroxides. Some can now indicate biohazards such as anthrax. pH papers indicate alkaline or acid levels.

13 What do Geiger counters indicate? Levels of alpha, beta, and gamma radiation present, as indicated by the number of ions present.

14 What is a personal dosimeter? Device worn to measure and identify a person’s exposure to a particular radiation.

15 What is a detection tube and how does it work? A detection tube is a glass tube filled with a substance that changes color when a particular gas or vapor comes into contact with it. Most useful when a specific chemical is suspected.

16 What are some drawbacks to detection tubes? • require a pump to draw in vapors

• takes time to show results

• tubes have a shelf life

17 Labels Every hazardous material is required to have

a label(s). The label usually corresponds to

a hazard class and are listed in the Hazardous

Materials Table Column 6.

18 Shipping Papers Shipping papers are intended to accurately

describe the hazardous material being

shipped, including its possible hazards.

Shipping papers also identify all parties

associated with the material

19 Class 1 Explosives

20 Class 2 Gases

21 Class 3 Flammable and

Combustible Liquids

22 Class 5 Oxidizers

23 Class 6 Poisons

24 Class 7 Radioactive Material

25 Class 8 Corrosive Material

26 Class 9 Miscellaneous

Hazardous Materials

27 Non-Pressure Cargo Tank 3 to 4 psig MC 301 MC 302

MC 303 MC 305

MC 306

28 Low Pressure Cargo Tank

25 to 35 psig (some as high

as 150 psig) DOT 407 MC 307

29 Corrosive Liquid Cargo Tank DOT 412 MC 310

MC 311 MC 312

30 Pressure Cargo Tank

100-500 psig (most are 250

to 265 psig) MC 330

MC 331

31 Cryogenic Liquid Cargo Tank MC 338

32 Cryogenic Liquid Cargo Tank MC 338

33 Hazardous materials that must always be placarded, regardless of quantity, are Table 1 materials

34 Title 49 in the Code of Federal Regulations includes all DOT Regulations

35 The Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act is administered by EPA

36 How can DOT subsidiary placards be distinguished from primary placards Subsidiary placards do not carry hazard class or UN numbers

37 Bulk containers for liquids hold a maximum capacity of more than 119 gallons

38 An “MC 331” is a Pressure cargo tank

39 Non-pressure cargo tanks have Elliptical cross-sections and flat heads

40 Caustic soda is frequently transported in Covered hopper cars

41 Non-pressure cargo tanks primarily carry Petroleum products

42 Which of the following is not true regarding shipping papers DOT requires that MSDSs accompany shipping papers

43 Non-pressure tank containers transport liquid and solid materials at pressures up to 100 psig

44 Tube trailers carry: Pressurized gases

45 Which of the following best describes the most common type of tank container? Single compartment, stainless steel tank in metal frame

46 Medical surveillance for emergency responders is part of which federal regulation? 29 CFR 1910.120

47 The primary route of chemical exposure for fire fighters is Inhalation

48 Secondary contamination refers to Contamination from someone who has already been contaminated

49 Which of the following statements is not true of the skin? Water-soluble substances are more easily absorbed by the skin

50 Which of the following items will provide minimum shielding from gamma radiation? Several inches of lead

51 Under federal regulations, medical surveillance is required for Members of hazardous materials teams only

52 Biological monitoring measures The amount of an agent in your body

53 Simple asphyxiants displace oxygen in the air. Chemical asphyxiants Prevent the body from using inhaled oxygen

54 Etiologic means that an agent is Infectious

55 Which of the following organs is considered the primary “transfer point” for chemicals in

the body? The lungs

56 Which of the following statements is true regarding the hazard identification phase of

pre-incident planning? Transportation routes as well as fixed sites should be identified.

57 What influence does topography have on the spread of a poisonous gas that is heavier

than air? It may either increase or prevent the spread of the gas.

58 Which of the following is not true regarding weather conditions? Cold temperatures have little effect because of physical demands in fire

fighting.

59 The hazard identification phase of pre-incident planning primarily involves Gathering information

60 Facilities that use only very small quantities of hazardous materials May not need to follow government reporting procedures

61 What is the next step in a pre-incident plan once you have collected all pertinent information? Develop a comprehensive plan of action

62 If after preplanning a facility, you find you would not have sufficient resources to respond

to an incident, your department should Take preventive measures

63 Generic pre-incident plans can be developed for Each pre-incident plan must be site-specific

64 Which of the following statements is not true of pre-incident planning? A site visit may not be necessary if previous pre-incident plans are available.