Compass Test Practice

Written Questions

1. Proximal-near a point of reference, usually toward the center of the body

Distal-farther from a point of reference, away from the body

2. The body is upright and facing forward, arms at the sides, palms facing forward with thumbs

to the side, feet are hip distance apart with toes pointing forward.

3. Smooth (visceral); involuntary and spindle-shaped; consumes little energy and can sustain

long contractions

Skeletal; voluntary and rod-shaped/striped; designed for power and support

Cardiac; y or h shaped; allows rhythmic contraction for blood flow

4. Cutaneous-skin not membrane covers entire surface of the body

Mucous-line openings to outside of the body

Serous-line closed body cavities

Synovial-line joint cavities of freely moveable joints

5. Group of organs that function together (i.e., Circulatory, urinary, nervous, respiratory)

6. Chemical

Cellular

Tissue

Organ

Organ System

Organism

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The study of the structures of the human body and their positional relationship to one

another.

a. Define “Metabolism”

b. Define “Cell”

c. Define “Anatomy”

d. Define “Physiology”

2. Skeletal

Endocrine

Nervous

Digestive

Muscular

Reproductive

Lymphatic

Urinary

Respiratory

Integumentary

Cardiovascular

a. What are the 4 types of tissue?

b. What are the 4 types of body membranes?

c. What are the 11 body systems?

d. What are the 4 planes of the body?

3. Membrane

Cytoplasm (cytosol): gel-like fluid within membrane

Nucleus

Organelles

Two basic types of cells:

Eukaryote

Prokaryote

a. What are the 4 planes of the body?

b. What are the 4 main parts of a cell?

c. What are the 4 types of tissue?

d. What are the 11 body systems?

4. The total of all physical and chemical processes that occur in an organism (i.e., those that

are considered to be signs of life).

Anabolism – smaller molecules converted to larger (constructive)

Catabolism – large molecules converted to smaller (destructive)

a. Define “Physiology”

b. Define “Metabolism”

c. Define “Anatomy”

d. Define “Cell”

5. Connective

Muscular

Epithelial

Nervous

(Everything in the body belongs to one of these systems)

a. What are the 4 planes of the body?

b. What are the 4 types of body membranes?

c. What are the 4 types of tissue?

d. What are the 11 body systems?

6. The fundamental unit of all living organisms and the simplest form of life that can exist as a

self-sustaining unit.

a. Define “Metabolism”

b. Define “Cell”

c. Define “Physiology”

d. Define “Anatomy”

True/False Questions

1. Define “Homeostatis” → A relatively stable environment of the body, maintained by adjusting

metabolism.

True False

2. What are the 4 planes of the body? → Midsagittal/Median-divides body into left & right

Frontal/Coronal-runs side to side creating anterior and posterior sections

Transverse/Horizontal-passes through the body creating superior and inferior sections

Sagittal-passes through the body parallel to the midsagittal plane

True False

3. Why is A&P Important? → Safety

Credibility

Effectiveness

True False

4. Define “Physiology” → The total of all physical and chemical processes that occur in an

organism (i.e., those that are considered to be signs of life).

Anabolism – smaller molecules converted to larger (constructive)

Catabolism – large molecules converted to smaller (destructive)

True False

5. What are the 5 signs of inflammation? → Connective

Muscular

Epithelial

Nervous

(Everything in the body belongs to one of these systems)